Macular Degeneration

Older woman reading eye chart.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration is an eye disease which causes degenerative changes in a small area of your retina called the macula. The macula is

the central area of vision in the retina that is responsible for your fine, detailed vision. Once this area becomes affected, it can cause severe loss of

vision if not caught in time. Common symptoms include fuzzy or distorted central vision. Although there is no cure for AMD, early detection and prevention are key to preserving vision. At Ticho Eye Associates, we have the advanced equipment for monitoring the progression of this disease.

There are two types of AMD:

Dry AMD:

This is the most common type of AMD where there is a slow progression of vision loss. With this type of AMD, small lipid deposits called drusen are monitored. Treatment usually includes a diet consisting of vitamin c, vitamin e, lutein, and zeaxanthin.

Wet AMD:

Although this type of AMD is less common, it is a much more serious progression of this disease. During this stage of AMD, new and abnormal blood vessels grow under the retina and tend to leak blood, which causes macular scarring and a greater loss of vision. Treatment for wet AMD includes anti-VEGF drug injections along with laser procedures to help reduce the number of vessels and slow down leakage.

Normal Vision vs Vision with AMD